Turkey and quail will commonly eat the seeds. Created by Williamsburg Botanical Garden Trees and Shrubs. The dried leaves of New Jersey Tea were used as a tea substitute during the Revolutionary War. Native Americans reportedly used the straight stems of this shrub for arrow shafts, hence the common name. All of our plants are grown without the use of harmful pesticides and are safe for developing larvae. Clusters of tiny, apetulous, aromatic, greenish-yellow flowers bloom along … What is a New Jersey tea plant’s relationship to tea? The white flowers grow in a flat-topped cluster. New Jersey tea is also a host plant for the caterpillars of the spring azure, summer azure, and mottled duskwing (a type of skipper), as well as a few moth species. Drupes are very attractive, but are largely hidden by the foliage until the leaves drop. You should have a mixture of host plants and nectar-rich flowering plants if you want to increase the variety of butterflies in your landscape. New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a beautiful native flowering shrub rarely seen in the U.S. East, but it’s a valuable landscaping plant because it stays low without pruning and thrives in dry, lean or rocky soils. Bees and butterflies frequent New Jersey Tea, and the twigs are fed on by rabbits and deer. It is the host plant for three butterflies — spring and summer azures and mottled duskywings. Host plant for Spring and Summer Azure and Eastern Tailed Blue butterflies. Larval host for hermit sphinx moth, gray marvel moth June-September rub New Jersey tea/redroot Joe-Pye-Weed, Boneset, Mistflower Perennial … The petioles are ¼-½” in length and short-pubescent. Although initial irrigation is necessary, once the plant is established, you won’t have to do much shrub care maintenance. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. New Jersey tea attracts hummingbirds, butterflies and bees. The right host plant is a matter of life or death for a caterpillar — if you pluck one off a parsley plant and place it on, say, an aster, it’ll starve to death. Host plant for monarch June-August Wild bergamot/ beebalm (Monarda fistulosa) Pink/lavender flowers, grows 2 to 4 feet tall. Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea. Stems and leaves exude a milky sap when cut or bruised. Interesting story (on Facebook) about New Jersey tea as a host plant for Summer Azure caterpillars. The plants are browsed by white-tailed deer. Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes which are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) features glossy leaves, numerous bright white flowers and a mounding shape that make this compact shrub a popular garden member. Consider wearing gloves when working with these plants because the milky sap is poisonous if ingested and can be toxic to human skin. This perennial plant is 1-3′ tall, branching occasionally to frequently. Will tolerate light shade and some soil dryness. A dense and compact bush, the New Jersey tea plant will usually stay shorter than you are, typically growing to 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m.) tall and equally wide. USA:  AL ,  AR ,  CT ,  DC ,  DE ,  FL ,  GA ,  IA ,  IL ,  IN ,  KS ,  KY ,  LA ,  MA ,  MD ,  ME ,  MI ,  MN ,  MO ,  MS ,  NC ,  NE ,  NH ,  NJ ,  NY ,  OH ,  OK ,  PA,  RI ,  SC ,  TN ,  TX ,  VA ,  VT ,  WI ,  WV. You can easily grow them in well-drained soils in either full sun or part shade. They also fix atmospheric nitrogen. While the flowers are remarkable on their own, New Jersey tea is a nectar source and a caterpillar and larva host, attracting an array of beautiful butterflies. New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a deciduous shrub that is native to North America. Grows in thickets and woodland borders, highly drought resistant. Although widespread in eastern North America, this native plant is only known to exist in the wild in Missouri on wooded slopes along the Salt River in Shelby County. Host Plant: Woody shrubs and occasionally herbs including dogwood, New Jersey tea, meadowsweet, and Collinsia Nectar Source: Dogwood, dogbane, privet, New Jersey tea, … This is a lovely, and very long lived shrub of the prairie. Other articles where New Jersey tea is discussed: Ceanothus: Ceanothus americanus, commonly called New Jersey tea, occurs from Canada to Florida. South Central Wildlife Guide: Identifying Wildlife In The South Central U.S. DIY Christmas Fairy Gardens – Fairy Garden Ideas For Christmas, Christmas Tree Alternatives: Making A Boxwood Tabletop Tree, DIY Flower Pot Christmas Tree: Making A Terra Cotta Christmas Tree, Overwintering Staghorn Ferns: Growing Staghorn Ferns In Winter, Zone 9 Lawn Grass – Growing Grass In Zone 9 Landscapes, Thryallis Shrub Care – How To Grow Thryallis Plants, Nodding Lady’s Tresses Info: Growing Nodding Lady’s Tresses Plants, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens. It grows in the wild in prairies, glades and thickets in the eastern and central parts of the United States. If you are wondering how to grow a New Jersey tea shrub, all you have to do is site the plant appropriately. Host plant for the Spring Azure butterfly. Spicebush is a deciduous shrub with a broad, rounded habit which typically grows 6-12′ (less frequently to 15′) high in moist locations in bottomlands, woods, ravines, valleys and along streams. Plants can be poisonous to livestock. This shrub is 2-8′ tall, often branching near the base and toward the tips of older stems. New shoots are light green and short-pubescent. Tropical Milkweed, also known as Blood flower, is a tender evergreen perennial in the dogbane and milkweed family. Young woody stems are often short-pubescent, but they become glabrous with age. Ceanothus Americanus New Jersey Tea, Wild Snowball PFAF Plant Database Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Remember that plant diversity is crucial. Tiny, creamy white flowers appear on stalks in spring, hanging in fragrant clusters. This tidy, charismatically blooming shrub blooms in midsummer, attracting bees and butterflies; it grows best in sandy or rocky, well-draining sites, and will suffer with too much moisture or soil compaction. Alternate leaves occur along young stems and shoots. New Jersey Tea is a host plant for butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars), including Spring Azure (Celastrina “ladon”), Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis), and Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta). It’s a compact bush with leaves used to make tea several hundred years ago. Flowers are followed by long, narrow seed pods (3-4” long) which split open when ripe releasing silky tailed seeds for dispersal by wind. Plants grown without harmful pesticides and are safe for butterfly gardens. Meanwhile, several moths and butterflies use the foliage as their host plant. It is native to South America, but has naturalized worldwide in many tropical and subtropical areas. Native to North America. Ceonothus americanus New Jersey Tea Shrub (N) Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Shrub (N) Cercis spp. It has lovely green foliage and grows upright to a maximum of 3 feet tall. This Michigan native occurs throughout most of the United States and thrives in almost any well drained soil and produces a profusion of fragrant mauve colored flowers in midsummer. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) NOTE: These lists include only butterfly host and nectar plants that are native to NJ and attract butterfly species that are typically found in the state of NJ. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. As with other Ceanothus shrubs, they attract hummingbirds, butterflies and birds. Tiny, creamy white flowers appear on stalks in spring, hanging in fragrant clusters. The light green stems are glabrous and bluntly 4-angled, but they are not conspicuously winged. Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed is a Michigan Native and one of the most broadly distributed of all milkweeds in the United States . There is such a tight bond between a caterpillar and its host plant that sometimes even a switch between two related plants will cause it to stop eating. Our 2020 plant list will be available in January 2020. It is native to Missouri where it occurs in prairies, glades, dry open woods and thickets throughout the state (Steyermark). New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) This deciduous shrub is native to North America. This small-scale shrub grows 3 to 4 feet tall and a bit wider. Best in sandy loams or rocky soils with good drainage. The luxuriant glossy leaves and bright white flowers make this durable shrub a real winner. New Jersey tea did get its common name because its leaves were used for tea … Sign up for our newsletter. The foliage is serrate and reticulate with the veins marked by shallow grooves. The margins are often revolute (curved downward) as well. Ceanothus americanus, commonly called New Jersey tea, is a compact, dense, rounded shrub which typically grows 2-3' tall (less frequently to 4'). New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a semi-woody plant of sandplains and occasionally rocky outcroppings. Grown in one quart pot with approximately 6” of top growth. Spicebush is a deciduous shrub with a broad, rounded habit which typically grows 6-12′ (less frequently to 15′) high in moist locations in bottomlands, woods, ravines, valleys and along streams. The New Jersey tea plant (Ceanothus americanus) is native to the continent, though not just to New Jersey. Redbud Tree Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf Coreopsis Perennial (N) Cornus spp. The opposite leaves are up to 4″ long and 1″ across; they are light to medium green, lanceolate or elliptic-oblanceolate in shape, glabrous, and serrated to sparingly serrated along their margins. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. hardy once established, can reseed. A deciduous shrub that grows just 3′ tall, the dried leaves of New Jersey Tea make a flavorful tea that was popular during the Revolutionary War. These flowers are about 1″ long, and they have two-lipped corollas that are usually pale blue-violet (less often pink or white). The flowering plants make lovely shrub borders even if you aren’t partial to the tea they produce. How to grow New Jersey Tea. The plant’s value to wildlife continues even after the flowers have quit blooming. Turkey and quail will commonly eat the seeds. The deep purple flower spikes rise above the silver-gray foliage to create a striking bloom display in June. Ceanothus herbaceus, commonly known as inland New Jersey tea or prairie redroot, is a small, upright, deciduous shrub native to glades, rocky prairie slopes, and sandy, loess hills in the central United States. Showy red-orange flowers bloom late spring through late autumn except in USDA Zones 9-11 where it is winter hardy. The plant grows about 1 m (3 feet) tall and has deciduous, rather oval leaves. The leaf blades are 1¾-4″ long and ¼-¾” across; they are narrowly lanceolate, oblanceolate, or oblong-elliptic in shape and smooth to slightly crenate along their margins. In fact, New Jersey tea shrub care is minimal. Leaves are aromatic when crushed. Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed is the plant most people think of when they hear the word ‘milkweed’. Ceanothus americanus is a species of shrub native to North America. Also known as Horsetail Milkweed. A dense and compact bush, the New Jersey tea plant will usually stay shorter than you are, typically growing to 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m.) tall and equally wide. Kim Eierman Founder of EcoBeneficial! Ideally, start growing New Jersey tea in sandy loams or rocky soils with good drainage. Monarch butterflies lay eggs on this plant and the resulting larvae (caterpillars) use the plant leaves as a food source. The white flower poms are attractive to butterflies, hummingbirds and pollinators. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4″ diameter) appear in late spring. Individual flowers develop from the leaf axils of the middle to upper stems. Common names include New Jersey tea, Jersey tea ceanothus, variations of red root (red-root; redroot), mountain sweet (mountain-sweet; mountainsweet), and wild snowball. Growing New Jersey tea is easy because the plants are very adaptable. Dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants), with the male flowers being larger and showier than the female ones. The larva (caterpillar) of the spicebush swallowtail butterfly feeds on the leaves of this shrub.Lindera is named for the Swedish botanist, Johann Lindler. 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