Brittlebrush. Full . Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular . Description. Common name: Brittlebush . Encelia farinosa and Encelia frutescens are drought-decidous shrubs whose distributions overlap throughout much of the Sonoran Desert. Grows 3 to 4 feet high and wide. Encelia farinosa is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 0.75 metres tall. The major herbivore of E. farinosa is the beetle T. geminata, which is an Encelia specialist and feeds on the plant both as larvae and adults. Dried resin used as incense. Blog. Encelia farinosa is also commonly known as ‘incensio’ due to its fragrant sap that’s sometimes used as a substitute for incense in Mexico. It can also be found on hillsides and valleys in Hawaii. Prune: After flowering, trim tall flower stalks down to leaf level. phenicodonta (S.F. Cut back to near ground level in late spring. Soil Type. Water. E. farinosa belongs to the Asteraceae family which is the same family of plants the sunflower belongs to. Growth Rate. Encelia farinosa readily hybridizes with Encelia californica when the two plants are nearby. Very Low, Extra in Summer . Profuse daisy-like flowers, 3 in. Moderate . Encelia farinosa - Brittle Bush. Johnst. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Inciensio is a fast growing shrub typically developing a mounding form, 3-5 ft. high and as wide with distinctive 3-4 in. Encelia farinosa (commonly known as brittlebush, brittlebrush, or incienso), is a common desert shrub of northern Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, and Hidalgo) and the southwestern United States (California, Arizona, Utah, and Nevada).[1][2][3]. Brittlebush. Synonyms Encelia farinosa Torry & A. Intense displays of bright golden-yellow daisy-like owers occur in early spring; a second ower cycle can occur in late fall following the occurrence of rain or summer irrigation. The capitula are 3.0–3.5 cm in diameter, with orange-yellow ray florets and yellow or purple-brown disc florets. Neutral, Basic low water needs. Plant Common Name. phenicodonta clustered into a different subclade than E. f. var. Full, Half . 2010). Stalks of flower clusters arise from leafy part of the plant. Litter: Low except for pruning. Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry . Gray ex Torr. Gray mounding ... Mulching and adding compost to soil can minimize evaporation and help soil absorb and store water. Encelia farinosa and Encelia frutescens are drought-decidous shrubs whose distributions overlap throughout much of the Sonoran Desert. phenicodonta, Encelia farinosa var. Influence of Irradiation, Soil Water Potential, and Leaf Temperature on Leaf Morphology of a Desert Broadleaf, Encelia farinosa Gray (Compositae) April 1978 American Journal of Botany 65(4) Soil Condition. Encelia farinosa is native to the Southern California deserts up to an elevation of 3500 feet. Native to Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Utah. The insect is active during the winter rainy season, with larvae emerging to feed on young plant tissues in late winter. Scientific: Encelia farinosa Common: brittle bush Family: Asteraceae Origin: Disturbed sites and sloping terrain of the Sonoran and Mojave deserts. Will reseed in the garden. White if very dry. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. In fact, so much light is reflected that net photosynthesis of E. farinosa is reduced (Ehleringer et al., 1976). Soil Condition. Litter: Low except for pruning. Full, Half . phenicodonta (Blake) I. M. Johnston Encelia farinosa var. Soil Type. The plant can be cut to near ground level in mid-spring to avoid a shaggy summer appearance. More or less restricted to climates with long periods of limited moisture. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Encelia californica (California Brittlebush), Echinocactus grusonii (Golden Barrel Cactus), An Eye-Catching Mediterranean Garden with Agave, Aloe and Pincushion, A Striking Water-Wise Border with Agave, Cactus and Ocotillo, Eye Catching Retaining Walls and Staircases, A Beautiful Duo with Agave 'Blue Flame' and 'Blue Glow', An Eye-Catching Spring Border with Allium, Sword-Lilies and Grasses, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. Slow growing evergreen shrub. This can occur any time from November through May. The common name "brittlebush" comes from the brittleness of its stems. Species Name: Encelia farinosa Common Name: Brittlebush or Incienso Profuse bloomer! It does well in cultivation and recently has spread dramatically in areas not natural to its distribution in large part because Caltrans … Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry . Encelia farinosa tolerates sand. hardy to 25 F. Provides good fall color. Location California Native. Soil pH Soil Condition. Waterproofing: It has been used to waterproof containers. Landscape Use: Flowering accent, foundation, native plantings, desert restoration projects, desert flower gardens. Yellow daisy flowers bloom in the spring … Blooming in loosely branched clusters, a profusion of bright yellow daisy-like flowers, 2 in. A native of California, Brittle Bush can be found growing in the Sonora and Mojave deserts. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Encelia farinosa - Brittlebush, Incienso (Plant) $10.00 Excl. Sonoran & Mojave deserts on sandy or gravelly soils. Encelia farinosa is great for a butterfly garden. Encelia farinosa Brittlebush. Bright yellow 1" daisies spring and summer. [5], 3-Acetyl-6-methoxybenzaldehyde is found in the leaves of E. California Native. Growth Rate. Full, Half . Pale green in early spring, the foliage becomes velvety-white by summer. Soil: Very well drained, dry, low organic content, pH 6.6-8.5 (neutral to alkaline). The white, densely pubescent leaves of the desert shrub Encelia farinosa reflect about twice as much radiation as the green, nonpubescent leaves of E. californica native to the moist coastal region. Adding a hot punch of color in the late spring garden, bold... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. General Description. Its stems exude a fragrant resin that was used as incense in the churches of Baja California, hence the common name of incienso. Jepson eFlora Author: David J. Keil & Curtis Clark Reference: Clark 2006 FNANM 21:118--122; Fehlberg & Ranker 2007 Syst Bot 32:692- … The rounded, aromatic plants bear long-stemmed clusters of bright yellow blooms in spring, and sometimes again in fall or winter. Previous Photo Next Photo Information by: Jerry Sortomme Editor Photographer: Mountain States Nursery Description. Encelia farinosa's flower color is yellow. Soft, gray-white foliage. It prefers rocky, dry soils and full sun. It is very drought tolerant and can be found growing on rocky, dry slopes and along roadsides. Brittlebush, Desert Encelia. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Growth Rate. Another Spanish name for it is ''incienso'' because the dried sap was burned by early Spanish missions in the New World as incense. Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular . However, the leaves will turn white in drought conditions. About Bush Sunflower (Encelia californica) 33 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Encelia californica is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family known by the common name California brittlebush. Tough and beautiful. Varnish: It has been melted then used as a varnish. Soil pH Sandy, Clay, Rocky, Unparticular . Known … Goldenhills.