This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nana-Sahib, Vandemataram.com - Biography of Nana Sahib. Updates? नाना साहिब का जीवन परिचय (Nana Sahib Age, Caste, Education, Peshwa, Jhasi ki Rani,Death, Biography and history in hindi). His general, Tatya Tope, tried to recapture Cawnpore in November 1857, after gathering a large army, mainly consisting of the rebel soldiers from the Gwalior contingent. [citation needed]. [27], Nana Sahib (based on Captain Nemo) is the principal character of the 1975 Soviet film Captain Nemo, his role is played by Vladislav Dvorzhetsky. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He proclaimed himself Peshwa. A safe conduct given to the British under General Wheeler by Nana Sahib was broken on June 27, and British women and children were massacred at Nana Sahib’s palace. [6], An angry Begum Hussaini Khanum termed the sepoys' act as cowardice, and asked her lover Sarvur Khan to finish the job of killing the captives. They were taken to Nana Saheb’s own headquarters, a mansion called Savada Kothi, and were later moved to cantonment quarters at Bibighar. [25], K. V. Belsare's book on the Maharashtrian saint Brahma Chaitanya claims that after the lost battle, Nana Saheb went to Naimisharanya, the Naimisha Forest in the vicinity of Sitapur, Uttar Pradesh, where he met Brahma Chaitanya, who assured him safety. Born just over a year after the death of his grandfather Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath or Balaji pant Nana, he was named after him - as was customary at the time. After some firing, the European men on the boat decided to fly the white flag. On the morning of the 27 June, a large column led by Wheeler emerged from the entrenchment. Who doesn't love being #1? A detachment of the 7th Bengal Infantry came very near to capturing him but he managed to escape just in time. Although he had no formal military training, he was probably the best and most effective of the rebels’ generals. Governor General Lord Dalhousie put forward an annexation policy, Doctrine of Lapse under which Indian rulers … He was husband of sister of Shahu's wife. 10. There are many examples of her exemplary courage at a tender age. The next morning, when the rebels arrived to dispose of the bodies, they found that three women and three children aged between four and seven years old were still alive. They murdered men and women, they murdered young children and old adults. In September 1857, Nana was reported to have fallen to malarious fever; however, this is doubtful. In response to Moore's sorties, Nana Saheb decided to attempt a direct assault on the British entrenchment, but the rebel soldiers displayed a lack of enthusiasm.[6]. Omissions? The soldiers of the 53rd Native Infantry, who were guarding the magazine, thought that Nana had come to guard the magazine on behalf of the Company. According to some sources, Azimullah Khan ordered the killings of women and children at Bibighar,[17] while some believe a Begum or slave-girl or mistress of Nana ordered the killings. [11] The women of Nana's household opposed the decision and went on a hunger strike, but their efforts were in vain. Rani was supporte… Nana then blew up the Cawnpore magazine, abandoned the place, and retreated to Bithoor. Narayan Rao's eldest brother Vishwasrao, heir to the title of Peshwa, was killed during the Third Battle of Panipat.The second brother, Madhavrao, succeeded their father after the … that whilst the massacre was being carried on at the ghat, a trooper of the 2nd Cavalry, reported to the Nana, then at Savada house, that his enemies, their wives and children were exterminated ... On hearing which, the Nana replied, that for the destruction of women and children, there was no necessity' and directed the sowar to return with an order to stay their slaughter". They were escorted off the boat and taken back to Savada house. Corrections? His diary also records death of Nana Saheb in 1903 in Dave Sheri, Kalyanji's house in Sihor. The present whereabouts of this sword are unknown. G. W. Williams, "Memorandum", printed with Narrative of the Events in the NWP in 1857–58 (Calcutta, n.d.), section on Cawnpore (hereafter Narrative Kanpur), p. 20: "A man of great influence in the city, and a government official, has related a circumstance that is strange, if true, viz. Havelock decided to launch a flank attack on this army, but the rebel soldiers spotted the flanking manoeuvre and opened fire. The place still displays some articles of him. Nana Sahib was the son of the younger sister of wife of Baji Rao second. The Company added about four million pounds sterling to its annual revenue by the use of this doctrine. Tatya Tope was the fencing master to Nana Saheb. THE DOOR. Although he did not plan the outbreak, he assumed leadership of the sepoys (British-employed Indian soldiers). Answer: The name of the Mughal king was removed from the coins minted by the Company. Nana-Sahib, a drama in verse by Jean Richepin with incidental music by Jules Massenet, opened on 20 December 1883 at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris. After the Maratha defeat in the Third Maratha War, the East India Company had exiled Peshwa Baji Rao II to Bithoor near Cawnpore (now Kanpur), where he maintained a large establishment paid for in part out of a British pension. The doctrine and its application were widely regarded by Indians as illegitimate. Although some Company historians stated that the order for the massacre was given by Nana,[13] the details of the incident, such as who ordered the massacre, remain unclear. Nana Saheb deputed a tawaif (nautch girl) called Hussaini Khanum (also known as Hussaini Begum) to care for these survivors. Question 3. False iv. Nana Saheb then withdrew his headquarters to Savada House (or Savada Kothi), which was situated around two miles away. Although the East India Company later accused Nana of betrayal and murder of innocent people, no definitive evidence has ever been found to prove that Nana had pre-planned or ordered the massacre. Lacking military knowledge, he could not command the mutinous sepoys, though he had the satisfaction of being declared peshwa in July 1857 by the rebel leader Tantia Tope and his followers after the capture of Gwalior. Tatya Tope was the son of Pandurang Rao Tope, an important noble at the court of the Peshwa Baji Rao II. See also J. W. Kaye. Azimullah Khan joined the court of Nana Saheb as Secretary, after the death of Baji Rao II in 1851. Tantia Tope, also spelled Tatya Tope or Tantia Topi, original name Ramchandra Panduranga, (born c. 1813–19, Pune, India—died April 18, 1859, Shivpuri), a leader of the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58. The surviving men were killed, while women and children were captured, as Nana did not approve of their killing. [6] Sarvur Khan hired some butchers, who murdered the surviving women and children with cleavers. This family was famous because of Nana Saheb's great grandfather Triambak Dengle, who was a Peshwa in 1800 A.D. with an infantry of over 20,000, and was honoured for his bravery. Nana then sent another force under the command of his brother, Bala Rao. It was also suffering from disease and low supplies of food, water and medicine. In return for a surrender, he promised the safe passage of the Europeans to the Satichaura Ghat, a dock on the Ganges from which they could depart for Allahabad. After a day of preparation and burying their dead, the Europeans decided to leave for Allahabad on the morning of 27 June 1857. The sweepers then threw the three little boys into the well one at a time, the youngest first. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life history, achievements, and timeline. On the death of the exiled Baji Rao in 1852, he inherited the peshwa’s home in Bithur (now in Uttar Pradesh state). Nana himself was reported to be living in the interior of Nepal. The character of Nana Saheb is portrayed by Bhupinder Singh in the DD National TV series 1857 Kranti, A picture of Nana Saheb titled "Nana Sahib" published in, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. After death of Baji Rao, Chattrapati Shahu appointed Baji Rao's 19 years old son, Balaji Baji Rao, as Peshwa. By 1859, Nana was reported to have fled to Nepal. Keshavlal Mehta, son of Giridhar, recovered these documents in the 1970s and his descendants still live in town. Asked by Wiki User. However, the Company forces advanced relentlessly towards Cawnpore. On 15 July, the British forces under General Havelock defeated Bala Rao's army in the Battle of Aong. [citation needed], Two letters and a diary retrieved in the 1970s accounted that he lived as an ascetic, Yogindra Dayanand Maharaj, in Sihor in coastal Gujarat until his death in 1903. However, once he entered the magazine, Nana Saheb announced that he was a participant in the rebellion against the Company, and intended to be a vassal of Bahadur Shah II.[6]. Jules Verne's novel The End of Nana Sahib (also published under the name "The Steam House"), taking place in India ten years after the 1857 events, is based on these rumours, and not historically accurate - for example, the novel claims Nana Saheb had been married to Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi. After the independence of India in 1947, Nana was hailed as a freedom fighter, and the Nana Rao Park in Kanpur was constructed in honour of Nana and his brother, Bala Rao. Nana Saheb maintained it with great passion – showing his elephants, camels, horses, dogs, pigeons, falcons, wild asses, apes, aviary full of birds and other curiosities to his guests. [14][16] Another group of women and children from Fatehgarh, and some other captive women were also confined in Bibighar. He managed to take control of all the routes west and north-west of Cawnpore, but was later defeated in the Second Battle of Cawnpore. After the first round of firing, the soldiers were disturbed by the cries of the captives, and adamantly refused to fire at the women and children. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [4] It was planned that Nana Saheb would assemble a force of 1,500 soldiers to support the British, in case the rebellion spread to Cawnpore. There are two such doors. He later became the dewan in Nana Saheb's court. What was the name of nana saheb's wife? Along the flight of steps going down to the river and also on the high banks on either side of the ghat was filled with people who had assembled in large numbers to see their erstwhile masters leaving. Question 5. After taking possession of the Company treasury, Nana advanced up the Grand Trunk Road stating that he wanted to restore the Maratha confederacy under the Peshwa tradition, and decided to capture Kanpur. They also claimed that Nana had previously arranged for the rebels to fire upon and kill all the Europeans. Kalyanji had raised Shridhar, son of Nana Saheb changing his name to Giridhar, as his own son and got him married in Sihori Brahmin family. The Indian forces had been led to believe that the entrenchment had gunpowder-filled trenches that would explode if they got closer. In Awadh, Begum Hazrat, wife of the deposed Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, took on the might of the East India Company and almost succeeded. According to the book, he died between 30 October to 1 November 1906 and Brahma Chaitanya performed his last rites. The Company's refusal to continue the pension after his father's death, as well as what he perceived as high-handed policies, compelled him to revolt and seek independence from company rule in India. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [6] On 16 July, Havelock's forces started advancing to Cawnpore. Nana Saheb Dengle came to Baba when I was a teacher at the school. On 19 July, General Havelock resumed operations at Bithoor, but Nana Saheb had already escaped. He decided to use these prisoners in bargaining with the East India Company. Some of the Company officers later claimed that Nana had placed the boats as high in the mud as possible, on purpose to cause delay. True When they were threatened with execution for dereliction of duty some of them agreed to remove the women and children from the courtyard. However, they were unable to gain an entry into the entrenchment by the end of the day. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Narayanrao became Peshwa in 1772 and later he was murdered by the supporters of Raghunath Rao (Raghoba). By 10 June, he was believed to be leading around twelve thousand to fifteen thousand Indian soldiers. The soldiers were on their way to Delhi, to meet Bahadur Shah II. Be the first to answer this question. [citation needed]. Issued on May 10, 1984. Nana left the building because he did not want to be a witness to the unfolding massacre. When Shahu passed away in 1749, Rajaram II became the next Chattrapathi. During the Battle of Aong, Havelock was able to capture some of the rebel soldiers, who informed him that there was an army of 5,000 rebel soldiers with 8 artillery pieces further up the road. On 6 June, his forces (including the rebel soldiers) attacked the Company entrenchment at 10:30 am. As the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, Nana Saheb believed that he was entitled to a pension from the East India Company, but the underlying contractual issues are rather murky. Shrimant Peshwa Balaji Bajirao Bhat (December 8, 1720 – June 23, 1761), also known as Nana Saheb, was the 8th Peshwa (prime minister) of the Maratha Empire in India. On the death That report, the refusal of his claim, and threats of the sepoys led him to join the sepoy battalions at Kanpur in rebellion in June 1857. In Old Gujarati, the diary records arrival of Nana Saheb to Sihor with his colleagues after failure of rebellion. Her zodiac sign is Scorpio. Nana granted the British chaplain Moncrieff's request to read prayers before they were killed. During their jump, some of the cooking fires were knocked off, setting some of the boats ablaze. The women and children were ordered to come out of the assembly rooms, but they refused to do so. [7] The women and children were taken to Savada House to be reunited with their remaining colleagues. Answer. [Perceval Landon, "The Later Days of Nana Sahib", "British Empire: Forces: Campaigns: Indian Mutiny, 1857 - 58: The Siege of Cawnpore", "The Indian Mutiny: The Siege of Cawnpore", "Revolt and Revenge; a Double Tragedy (delivered to The Chicago Literary Club)", http://savarkar.org/en/encyc/2017/5/22/2_03_34_24_the_indian_war_of_independence_1857_with_publishers_note.v001.pdf_1.pdf, "The South Australian Advertiser, Monday 12 March 1860", "1857 revolt hero Nanasaheb Peshwa's life remains a mystery", Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nana_Saheb&oldid=995757222, Indian independence activists from Uttar Pradesh, Revolutionaries of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 19:00. Issued for : Indian Posts & Telegraphs Department is privileged to issue four commemorative stamps in the memory of these great Freedom Fighters. It was agreed that the bodies of the victims would be thrown down a dry well by some sweepers. He was appointed as Peshwa in 1740 upon the death of his illustrious father, the Peshwa Bajirao I. Shrimant Peshwa. ), a prominent leader in the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58. [25], The authenticity of documents was accepted by G.N. True iii. When the British soldiers came to know about the Bibighar massacre, they indulged in retaliatory violence, including looting and burning of houses.[6][19]. When Nana Saheb Nimonkar was staying at Shirdi, his son and daughter-in-law at Poona were attacked by plague. Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the late Peshwa Baji Rao who lived near Kanpur, gathered armed forces and expelled the British Garrison from the city. Accordingly, Nana Saheb sent an envoy (Azimullah Khan) to England in 1853 to plead his case with the British Government. Jules Verne's novel The End of Nana Sahib (also published under the name "The Steam House"), taking place in India ten years after the 1857 events, is based on these rumours, and not historically accurate - for example, the novel claims Nana Saheb had been married to Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi. Major Templer (later Major General) of the 7th Bengal Infantry brought home the sword. Adopted in 1827 by Baji Rao II, the last Maratha peshwa (ruler), Nana Sahib was educated as a Hindu nobleman. She was educated at home and learned to read and write. Once Nana Sahib and Manu went for horse-riding in the evening. Nana sent a number of carts, dolis and elephants to enable the women, the children and the sick to proceed to the river banks. Although Nana Sahib’s adoptive father had pleaded that his £80,000-a-year life pension be extended to Nana Sahib, the British governor-general of India, Lord Dalhousie, refused. One of the driving forces of the rebellion by sepoys, was a prophecy that predicted the downfall of East India Company rule exactly one hundred years after this battle. At her insistence, Sadashiv is given the responsibility of h.. Unlike, other girls in society, she was given more independence in her childhood and learned different warfare techniques such as horse riding, fencing, shooting, and Mallakhamba with her childhood friends, Nana Sahib and Tantia Tope. The surviving women and children, around 120 in number, were moved from the Savada House to Bibighar ("the House of the Ladies"), a villa-type house in Cawnpore. In total, there were around 200 women and children there.[14]. Venkateshwar, a Brahmin interrogated by the British, disclosed that he met Nana Saheb in Nepal in 1861. British forces murdered all the villagers of the Bithoor mercilessly. However, after the death of Baji Rao II, the Company stopped the pension on the grounds that the Nana was not a natural born heir and that the kingdom no longer existed. Begum Hazrat Mahal was the first wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah and one of the earliest female freedom fighters during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. By this time, it became clear that the Company forces were approaching Cawnpore, and Nana's bargaining attempts had failed. Ahmadullah Shah came to Lucknow to fight the British. Many British search parties tried to capture Nana Saheb but all failed to prevent his escape. The rebel soldiers then started firing through the holes in the boarded windows. There were also reports of him being spotted in Constantinople(Present days Istanbul). The British troops seized guns, elephants and camels, and set fire to Nana's palace. Sitaram Pande served the English for 8 years and retired in 1860. 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