Herodotus Book 1 Commentary 2nd ed. This work is licensed under a The death of Artachaees the giant, a man of Acanthus and the chief engineer of the Athos canal; his elevation to cult status (117). How, J. The storm dies down, whether naturally or from sacrifices to Thetis by the Magi (191-92). Preparations for war begin and last four years (19). The death of Darius during the revolt of Egypt against Persia; Xerxes becomes king (4). How the Delphic oracle had predicted the incident, and why Leonidas chose to dismiss the allied troops (219-20). The inhabited world according to Herodotus: Libya (Africa) is imagined as extending no further south than the Horn of Africa, terminating in the uninhabitable desert. Paperback. thinks they expected Persian victory and stayed away deliberately (167-68). The story of a rapist punished. Topographical details of Artemisium and Thermopylae (176). A second more favorable oracle mentions the "wooden wall" (141). The death of Hamilcar by self-immolation, and his rise to cult status (165-66). The decision is taken to guard the pass of Thermopylae instead (175). Reactions of the Greeks to Xerxes' Invasion. A comprehensively revised and updated guide to Books I-IV of Herodotus. Od. Artabanus says Xerxes has two enemies: the land and the sea. We had a great call to discuss Herodotus Book 7 on August 18! What strategy should Xerxes adopt (234)? Perseus provides credit for all accepted Gelon sends ships under Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared to surrender to Xerxes if the Persians win (163). Herodotus. The Thespians insist on fighting with Leonidas, and the Thebans are compelled to do so (222). line to jump to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. The quarrel over succession by two of Darius' sons, Artabazanes and Xerxes (2). Encampment of the army at Therma (127). The superiority of the Phoenician navy; Hdt. Xerxes is urged to stay home even if the army goes; Mardonius is challenged to stake his sons' lives on the outcome (10). Greek and Latin Texts with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary 3 years ago. The anger of Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) Herodotus 1; Herodotus 7 (beta) Homer. Religious and festival obligations keep most Greek states from sending larger contingents to Thermopylae (206). The Persians are urged to invade by the Thessalian kings and the (now exiled) Pisistratids. The defeat of Hamilcar and Theron by Gelon coincides with Salamis? line to jump to another position: The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text. Four hundred Persian warships are destroyed in the storm; how a Magnesian man got rich by collecting their treasure from the shipwrecks (190). Review of the troops and ships at Abydos; Phoenicians win the rowing contest (44). A storm destroys a number of Persian ships off the coast of Magnesia (188). Greeks not at Salamis: Gelon of Syracuse, the Corcyraeans, and the Cretans. Persian troubles with a sunken reef (183). Greek and Latin Texts with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary A Commentary on Herodotus. In response to the objections of the Spartan envoy, Gelon offers to command only the navy (159-60). 3 years ago. In the last decade or so, studies of Herodotus have flourished in the English-speaking world. The Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of the Panhellenic naval forces. Xerxes' army draws closer to Thermopylae; more topographical notes on the region (198-200). Onomacritus the corrupt seer feeds Xerxes phoney oracles encouraging the invasion; Xerxes agrees (6). Motives of Mardonius: boredom and desire for power. The difficulty and expense of feeding the army endured by the various cities on the route (118-19). Full search Queen Artemisia of Halicarnassus; her wisdom and courage (99). Verified Purchase. A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. Wells Also of Interest. A solar eclipse at the army's departure is favorably interpreted by the Magi (37). The Greek fleet, encouraged, resumes its station at Artemisium. The division of the army into thirds (121). The crossing of the Hellespont is described (55). Herodotus' Histories, book 5. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Thirteenth logos: the Thracians (5.1-28) The fifth book marks the beginning of the wars between the Persians and the Greeks. Summary Of And Commentary On Herodotus' Histories, Book 7 . For while thou revilest the Greeks, thou dost encourage the king to lead his own troops against them; and this, as it seems to me, is what thou art specially striving to accomplish. Exhortations of Xerxes to the Persian commanders (53). List of Greek states who medized (surrendered) includes Thessalians, Locrians, and almost all Boeotians; the other Greeks vow to punish them (132). Pythius asks Xerxes to allow his eldest son to stay home from the war (38). The admirals and other naval champions. A prize is offered to the general who produces the best troops (8). REF PA 445.E5 L6 1996 Greek, History, Prose Herodotus, Book 1. The oracle's reference to Minos is explained: The Cretans of old had reason to regret their first Panhellenic alliance, the one against Troy (170-71). ("Agamemnon", "Hom. The witty remarks of Megacreon on this subject (120). The speech of Mardonius in support of invasion cites Greek weaknesses: racial inferiority of Greeks is shown by prior subjugation of Ionians; inability of Greeks to cooperate with each other; lack of strategic skill in choosing battle sites (9). Two Greek triremes on patrol are captured by the Persians, and a young marine is murdered (180). Plans of the council of Greek states: to settle regional conflicts, spy on Persian forces, and get the help of Argos and Syracuse (145). How the Spartans atoned for this impiety: two Spartans, Sperthias and Bulis, were sent to Persia to be executed (134). The army separates from the fleet at Acanthus because the fleet must sail around the fingers of Chalcidice (Mygdonia). Herodotus, Book 7. Reviewed in the United States on March 8, 2014. A dream tells him he should invade, but he ignores it. (181). His hubristic dream of world domination. 5.0 out of 5 stars A Commentary on herodotus Books 1-4. Descriptions of the contingents of the Persian army and allies, including commanders and types of armament (61-80). options are on the right side and top of the page. July 2013) This link contains a free pdf copy of Herodotus Book I: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary, 2nd ed. ... A … Anecdote of the grain-ships (146-47). A Sicilian version excuses Gelon because Sicily was being invaded at the time by Theron of Agrigentum, in coalition with Hamilcar the Carthaginian and his allies. A Greek-English Lexicon. ; 80 Red Sea islanders. 4.1 out of 5 stars 7. The story of Boges, another Persian governor who chose suicide (with his entire household) rather than be captured (107). 2015. Leonidas learns that he is about to be surrounded. Books I-IV | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate is that the influence of Xerxes' mother Atossa was critical (3). Allied forces occupy the pass, but decide not to try to hold it after getting intelligence from the Macedonians about Persian troop strength. Most historians think the real total was at the most 200,000. The Greek envoys appeal to Gelon for help against Xerxes (157). ... Herodotus, The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books with Introduction and Commentary (this document) hide Display Preferences Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from Two Spartans, Eurytus and Aristodemus, were in sick bay at battle time; Eurytus rushes into battle and dies, but Aristodemus returns to Sparta in disgrace (229-31). A local man impiously likens Xerxes to Zeus (56). Book 7. Athenian prayers to Boreas, god of the north wind, were possibly responsible for the storm. Xerxes reviews the troops on land and sea (100). After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. (Herodotus 6.43.3) Send article to Kindle To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure [email protected] is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Leonidas' rearguard troops, the Phocians, are driven off by the Persians under Hydarnes (218). Categories. Hence it belongs to the best-known OT-books with the Jews and it is also the book… The Corcyraeans allege weather problems, but Hdt. How the curse was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. The Persian attackers are massacred in the last desperate stand of the Greeks (223). Corcyra agrees to help the Greeks and puts out 60 ships, but they arrive at Salamis too late. 9th edition revised by Sir Henry Stuart Jones. How Themistocles had previously persuaded the Athenians to build 200 warships for use against their local rival, Aegina (144). The bridges over the Hellespont are begun, then ruined by a storm (33-34). Another version of the Argive rôle: some say Argos had a prior mutual non-aggression pact with Xerxes on the basis of shared ancestry through Perseus & Andromeda. Numbers of Xerxes' army: over five million, half of them combatants (185-86). View Commentary A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. Iliad 6 and 22; Odyssey 6-8; Odyssey 9-12; Odyssey 17-20 (beta) Lysias. Sperthias and Bulis lecture Hydarnes, the Persian governor of Ionia, about Greek freedom (135). Other cavalry contingents; cavalry, chariots, and camels (86). Everything Christian for less. 27,) was at that time the richest subject in the world. Athos: location, engineering details, Xerxes' reasons for digging it (22-23). Artabanus, in Xerxes' bed, has the same dream; he is converted by the dream and joins the war party (17-18). Xerxes doubts him, and is sure the Greeks will retreat (209). By George A. PDF | On Jun 1, 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik published A Commentary on Herodotus. Description of ships in the Persian navy, and armaments of the marines (89-98). megilloth), which are still read today at certain feast days in the synagogue. At the extreme south-east of the continent are the Macrobians, so-called for their longevity. The roster of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae (201-3). Pythius, the Lydian, (according to Herodotus, book 7. sec. An embassy is sent to Gelon, tyrant of Syracuse. The canal by Mt. Two other men named by some as traitors are exonerated by Hdt (213-14). The History of Herodotus ... Book 7: Polymnia 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 The Spartan troops are overwhelmed at last by superior numbers (225). The first four books of Herodotus, in particular, display a narrative richness deriving from what we would now call travel literature, anthopology, and legend. Some of the Greeks flee; those who do not are dismissed by Leonidas, except for his own Spartans. Esther is read during the Purim feast on 14th and 15th Adar (February/March). OR . The family of Cadmus of Zancle, and his personal integrity (164). Xerxes holds horse races in Thessaly (196). (137). Debate at Athens over whether "wooden wall" means the Acropolis or the ships (142). The Athenians rather than the Spartans deserve the credit for saving Greek freedom (139). Buy this Book on Kindle. 4.3 out of 5 stars 11. Ida; a storm kills many men (42). Herodotus' Histories, book 7. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Twentieth logos: Persian preparations (7.1-55) When the news of the disaster at Marathon reaches Darius, he decides for a full scale invasion of Greece. Delays in Macedonia; the ambassadors sent to demand surrender return to Xerxes (131). Leonidas decides to use Theban troops to test their loyalty (205). Addeddate 2011-06-29 23:48:07 Call number gutenberg etext# 24146 Identifier acommentaryonher24146gut Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t0gt6rs3j Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 Xerxes questions Demaratus: are all Spartans as good as these, and how numerous are they? The speech of Xerxes' uncle Artabanus against invasion cites risks: Persian army could be cut off if the bridge over the Hellespont is destroyed; hastily planned schemes fail; Zeus punishes the too mighty; Greeks are wrongly characterized by Mardonius. Xerxes remarks that he could have flooded Thessaly by damming up the Peneus, and compliments the Thessalians on their foresight in submitting to him (130). Paperback. Herodotus was speaking to an educated and somewhat cosmopolitan audience whose knowledge and belief background is very difficult for a modern to replicate. Themistocles' correct interpretation of the oracle and its reference to Salamis. Click anywhere in the ; 77 Cabalians and Milians; 78 Moschians, etc. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Vastness of Xerxes' expeditionary force; comparisons to great armies of the past. available for $14.95 on Amazon.com.. 2. The high command is described (82). Another marine fights fiercely and becomes a respected P.O.W. the Athenians) (51). Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian.In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and Mycale. (SS 7.) The Sixth Book of Herodotus covers the history of Greece in the first decade of the fifth century BC, including such momentous events as the Ionian revolt and the Marathon Campaign. Artabanus advises Xerxes not to make the Ionian Greeks in his army fight the Ionian Greeks of the mainland (e.g. with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Herodotus: The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books, With Introduction, Text, Apparatus, Commentary, Appendices, Indices, Maps by Reginald Walter Macan V 1 Pt 2 Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Numbers of the Persian ships (1207) and men aboard them, supposedly over 150,000 (184). A scout sent by Xerxes inspects the Greek position, and reports that the Spartans are combing their hair and exercising (208). Artabanus is worried about the future; Xerxes asks in what way his force is deficient (47-48). March of the army from Lydia north to Mt. Hdt. Archives. Archives. Sacred Texts Classics Buy this Book at Amazon.com. Command levels by multiples of ten (81). How Gelon began as a bodyguard to the dynast Hippocrates of Gela, who was engaged in conquering other cities of Sicily (154). Xerxes, furious, has the son chopped in half; advance of the army between the halves (39). Herodotus, Book 7. The dead on both sides include Leonidas and Persian nobles; Hdt. 's opinion (173). A third trireme, this one Athenian, is abandoned on shore, and the crew escapes (182). Xerxes sails to see the mouth of the Peneus river; remarks on the geography and geological history of the place (128-29). over Sardis is increased by the Persian defeat at Marathon; his preparations to invade Greece (1). The Thracian tribes who joined Xerxes; the Satrae, who resisted him, and their habitation (110-11). megilloth), which are still read today at certain feast days in the synagogue. Homer is cited in justification (161). to join Xerxes (174). In Mullins Reference Section: Liddell, H. G. and R. Scott. From the Publisher: “The Sixth Book of Herodotus covers the history of Greece in the first decade of the fifth century BC, including such momentous events as the Ionian revolt and the Marathon Campaign. 61 Persians; 62 Medes; 63 Assyrians; 64 Bactrians and Sacae; 65 Indians; 66 Arians and Parthians; 67 Caspians, Sarangae and Pactyes; 68 Utians, etc. This draft was made with great haste and has not be proofread. Family history of Leonidas, the Spartan basileusand commander (204). ... S. has just published a Pharr-formatted commentary on Ars Amatoria Book 1, a didactic poem that instructs readers on how to pick up members of the opposite sex. changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. Demaratus advises Xerxes to open a second front against the Spartans from an island base off the coast of Laconia; this will keep them from fighting further north (235). A great companion to How & Wells. The army journeys on to Sardis; the sights seen on the way are described (30-31). Xerxes and Artabanus meditate on human life; the central theme is the uncertainty of human success (45-46). Description of the secret pass, called Anopaia (215-16). Another dream portends world domination by Xerxes. Syracuse grows rapidly via incorporation of peoples from other cities (156). Persian troops cross via the Anopaia Pass, and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the rear (217). Greek, History, Prose Herodotus, Book 1. The Egyptian revolt is crushed (7). Sheets, George A. Herodotus: Book I. Bryn Mawr Commentaries, ISBN 9780929524139. A Commentary on Herodotus Books I-IV David Asheri, Alan Lloyd, and Aldo Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and and Alfonso Moreno. Death of Hippocrates. Herodotus Book 7 Commentary — beta edition (14 mb pdf Aug 2012) — right-click on PC, ctrl-click on Mac for option to download directly ) This link contains a free pdf copy of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary under a Creative Commons License. Herodotus says: “In Persia a man’s wives sleep with him in their turns” (iii.69), and invasion of the king’s privacy was punishable by death (iii.72, 77). Remarks on slander. Xerxes' reasons for so doing. The head of Leonidas is impaled on a stake by Xerxes (238). 15 Persian ships, stragglers, are captured by the Greek fleet; their commanders are interrogated and their crews taken prisoner (194-95). The envoys are dismissed by Gelon (162). The advance to Acanthus and the recruitment of locals (115-116). ; 79 Marians, Colchians, etc. Xerxes prepares to crush Egypt, ignore Greece; his cousin Mardonius advises him to punish the Greeks, and get revenge on Athens for Marathon (5). He convinces the Athenians to abandon Attica and prepare for a naval battle (143). Herodotus. A sceptical Xerxes doubts that Greeks will face his superior numbers (103). The change of plans is announced the next day (12-13). Details of the construction of the bridges (36). 1. Format ISBN Price Qty; Paper: 978-0-929524-13-9: $14.25. Quotation of verse inscriptions (epitaphs) from Thermopylae (228). The Sagartian cavalry and their lasso use (85). 9.1", "denarius"). The army is counted: the total is 1,700,000 men (60; but the figure is too high. The case of Pantites, another disgraced Spartan (232). The History of Herodotus, parallel English/Greek, tr. Their refusal to bow and worship Xerxes; his refusal to execute them (136). One Mascames is appointed governor of Doriscus; the army advances through Thrace (105). The sea, because no harbour can shelter such a huge fleet; the land, because supply lines will be stretched too far (49). Xerxes sends the Medes into the pass on the fifth day, and many of them are killed (210). PDF | On Jun 1, 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik published A Commentary on Herodotus. Progress through Thrace; rivers and lakes are drained dry (108-9). 's decision not to name the native commanders (96). ... A Commentary on Herodotus ... Volume I (Books I-IV) W. W. How and J. All peoples inhabiting the southernmost fringes of the inhabitable world are known as Ethiopians (after their dark skin). Gelon's brother Hieron is installed as tyrant in Gela. Euripides: Medea (Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics) (Greek and English Edition) Euripides. Herodotus Book I (Bryn Mawr Commentaries) (Greek Edition) Herodotus. A second volume that covered Books 5-9 would be most welcome from this team of historians. Add to Cart. 7.185-6). The ten thousand Immortals (crack troops); Persian gold trappings, slaves, women, and food supplies (83). Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. "And thou, Mardonius, son of Gobryas, forbear to speak foolishly concerning the Greeks, who are men that ought not to be lightly esteemed by us. Hence it belongs to the best-known OT-books with the Jews and it is also the book… 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] ... book 7 book 8 book 9. ; 69 Arabians and near-Egyptian Ethiopians; 70 Eastern or Libyan Ethiopians; 71 Libyans; 72 Paphlagonians and Cappadocians; 73 Phrygians; 74 Lydians; 75 Thracians; 76 Pisidians? The fleet is instructed to wait at Artemisium. Bizarre omens at the crossing are ignored by Xerxes (57). Gelon offers massive military aid, on one condition: that he be commander-in-chief (158). En route from Cappadocia to Sardis, the army stops at Celaenae (26). Sheets. Argos refuses (149). Gelon's coupe in Gela, and his conquest of Syracuse in 485 B.C. The march continues through Thrace into Macedonia and up to the river Strymon (112-13). How the oracle advised the Cretans not to take part, including a riddling reference to Minos, the mythical king of Crete (169). Xerxes addresses the council of Persian leaders, and states his reasons for invading Greece: revenge, gain, living up to the glorious Persian tradition. $34.99. Herodotus' Histories, book 5. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Thirteenth logos: the Thracians (5.1-28) The fifth book marks the beginning of the wars between the Persians and the Greeks. Total triremes (warships) said to number 12,007. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. reserves judgement on the guilt of the Argives; remarks on his historical method, and why he sometimes includes unreliable information (152). Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. The next day brings continued success for the Spartans; the pass is held (212). The book belongs to the so-called five "scrolls" (hebr. Human sacrifice by inhumation at the city of Nine Ways (Amphipolis) (114). His goal no longer is the punishment of Athens, but the subjugation of Europe. Categories. August 2020 by Kristen Kmiec Categories: Commentary, Herodotus, Lecture, Reader Call | Tags: Herodotus, Reader Call | Comments Off on Herodotus – Book 7 How the Theban contingent surrendered to the Persians at Thermopylae (233). Anecdotes illustrating the brave spirit of various Spartans (226-27). Herodotus Book 1. The angry reply of Xerxes; his genealogy is recited; the Greeks will attack Persia unless they are destroyed (11). The voyage to Greece of Xerxes' army and fleet. Xerxes punishes the waters of the Hellespont for destroying the bridges (35). Xerxes hears the myth of Phrixus and Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean (197). Bryn Mawr Commentaries. The decision to abandon Thessaly forces the Thessalians to medize, i.e. Ceremony at the crossing of the Hellespont; Xerxes (almost) apologizes to the waters (54). Xerxes accepts his brother's strategy, but rejects the accusations against Demaratus (237). The Delphic oracle advises prayers to the winds, which are duly made (179). over Sardis is increased by the Persian defeat at Marathon; his preparations to invade Greece (1). Three spies are caught by Xerxes, then given complete freedom to inspect the army. $14.25. Erudite and very informative and easily cross referenced to the original text of Herodotus. Xerxes' brother Achaemenes argues against dividing the Persian fleet in this way. Xerxes sends a message to Greece, demanding surrender (32). Current location in this text. (155). Why Xerxes sent no heralds to Athens or Sparta: Darius' heralds to them had been executed (133). Herodotus and the Scythians: Images and the Inquiry into the Soul “Herodotean Realism” by Joel Schlosser; Herodotus: Histories Book V; Herodotus: Volume 2 Herodotus and the World; Herodotus: Volume 1 Herodotus and the Narrative of the Past; Recent Comments. 3,000 smaller ships (98). Cf. After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. G. C. Macaulay, [1890], full text etext at sacred-texts.com. Xerxes questions Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, on what to expect from the Greeks (101). In stock on October 12, 2020. Shop for Herodotus and much more. A wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune for the war effort. Cavalry (84). Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. How the Argives were instructed by the oracle to stay out of the war; their condition for participating: 30 years' truce with Sparta, and joint command of the allied forces (148). Bridges and supply dumps (25). Herodotus, referred to by Cicero and others as the father of history, was the first to make the events of the past the subject of research and verification, and to relate their consequences to the present. The army proceeds north into Thrace and halts at Doriscus. His generosity is rewarded (27-29). How his ancestors, beginning with Telines, became priests of the Earth Goddesses (153). The Spartan reply: the truce is to be referred to their government; the Argive king may be a third general of equal rank with the two Spartan kings. Herodotus and the Scythians: Images and the Inquiry into the Soul “Herodotean Realism” by Joel Schlosser; Herodotus: Histories Book V; Herodotus: Volume 2 Herodotus and the World; Herodotus: Volume 1 Herodotus and the Narrative of the Past; Recent Comments. Amazon.com. How Demaratus had warned the Greeks of Xerxes' intentions by a secret message prior to the invasion (239). Cavalry commanders; the accident of Pharnuches (88). 19. Ephialtes of Malis turns traitor, and shows Xerxes a secret path around Thermopylae. He accuses Demaratus of disloyalty (236). A last minute impulse to retreat is quelled by Leonidas (207). Camp followers are not included in this total; calculations on the food and water consumption of so huge an army (187). You can listen to the discussion here. The credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system for power kills many (... Of Thrace and the ( now exiled ) Pisistratids the family of Cadmus of Zancle, the... 175 ) do so ( 222 ) to dismiss the allied troops ( 219-20 ) 189 ) 104.! The Theban contingent surrendered to the river Strymon ( 112-13 ) reef ( 183 ) ( 105 ) them! Dismiss the allied troops ( 43 ) advises prayers to Boreas, god of the continent are the,., Xerxes ' mother Atossa was critical ( 3 ) driven off by the (. Megilloth ), which are still read today at certain feast days in the English-speaking world the objections the... Is increased by the Magi ( 37 ) purchase a copy of this text ( not necessarily the same ). 104 ) figure is too high proceeds north into Thrace and the Cretans A. Herodotus Book..., Gelon offers to command only the navy ( 159-60 ) ( 205 ) additional restriction that offer! Cabalians and Milians ; 78 Moschians, etc asserts Athenian command of the army journeys on to the,! A message to Greece, demanding surrender ( 32 ) of Callias the Athenian ambassador asserts command. This way is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States on march 8, 2014 of (! '' means the Acropolis or the ships ( 1207 ) and men them. 9-12 ; Odyssey 17-20 ( beta ) Homer 189 ), [ 1890 ], text. 57 ) the credit for saving Greek freedom ( 139 ) Greek fleet retreats from to. Greeks in his army fight the Ionian Greeks of Xerxes ' army draws closer to ;. On August 18 and last four years ( 19 ) ) ( and... Accepts his brother 's strategy, but request aid to hold the mountain pass by Mt the of. ( 2 ) had previously persuaded the Athenians to abandon Thessaly forces the Thessalians to medize, i.e purchase copy... To abandon Attica and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the last desperate of... Xerxes holds horse races in Thessaly ( 196 ) revised and updated guide to Books I-IV of Herodotus troops. Risks ; his genealogy is recited ; the fabulous attack of the (... 7, 2015 ) Your herodotus book 7 commentary: Livius.org is deficient ( 47-48 ) except for own! Last four years ( 19 ) as tyrant in Gela path around.! Is the uncertainty of human success ( 45-46 ) Herodotus ' Histories, Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 over... Has not be proofread 118-19 ) deliberately ( 167-68 ) appointed governor Doriscus. Explains to Xerxes if the Persians customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus ' of. 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